I have all the assignments for the week turned in and next week's quiz for chemistry! Amazing, right? I'm working on reading the history chapter and answering the learning objectives for homeopathy now. I'm also reading my brain book. I think I need to add it to my references but I'll check that once I've posted this. It's called Keep Your Brain Alive and has exercises that help the brain work better. I have not gotten to that part yet. I can read this book standing up in the kitchen so the kids can't interfere with that while I cook dinner. LOL The learning objectives will be much harder to answer. They are written so you have to read the entire chapters. This is NOT a complaint because the questions are very good ones. Given the subject matter, I think they are quite important things to know. I just won't be able to answer most of them unless a way to read the books come to me. This particular book has 2 text books. One has 1835 pages and the other has 1113 pages. They remind me of the dictionaries we had as kids we used to kill bugs. LOL This one class wants me to read 4 chapters, 2 in each book. I need to get to work on breakfast. My children who were playing with blocks peacefully are now having a war over them and they are EVERYWHERE. Okay, time to go cook and improve their spirits. I leave you with a discussion post about errors. Have a great day!
Option 2: Random and Systematic Errors
You likely had to conduct measurements that involved random and systematic errors. How did you address them? What did you do to reduce errors?
I actually have quite a bit of experience with this topic from my days in the military. My job was to write intelligence reports about threats that existed in all manner to our country. One of the biggest problems what understanding the source of the data. Imagery and signals were considered reliable but both had systemic issues. Quite often a building was labeled as a headquarters when it wasn't. The only way around such errors were to evaluate the location against other indicators – multiple images, signals, human reporting, etc. Using this we were able to reduce the chance of errors such as hitting an embassy or a school when we thought it was something else. Many times we had what was called “single-source reporting” and that is always looked at as MAYBE reliable. If it's a person doing the reporting, the person is given a reliability rating based on previous reports. If no previous reports exist, they are given a “reliability cannot be assessed” rating. On all reports that get published, the reliability of the data must be included so the end user know how reliable the data is. While this data isn't acquire through surveys, as this chapter focuses on, it is data that is collected in very strict manners based on the type of collection in question. Sometimes you get so many sources that are very reliable and can say yes, that is where the terrorist is hiding and we can go get him. Other times the data is too sketchy to determine so no movement is done until more data can be collected. The system is obviously filled with ways to commit an error both systemically and in a random way. While the examples above are mainly systemic, random things pop up like computer crashes where the server drops the database and you no longer have access to the information. Sometimes people would use a source and get the reliability wrong, etc. There is a reason “intelligence” is easy to blame for military and political errors!
I had a really long example written up but I can't find any research to back it up because it was all based on experience. Instead, I'll use this example. My children, as all do, get rashes. Some rashes such as a diaper rash, the doctor looks at and just says “use diaper cream”, mine actually issues a nice one based on zinc and works well. An issue that is systemic in the health system (way too many mothers get sent to the ER over a measles scare because their child is not vaccinated, one recently was bug bites but the doc called it measles). My daughter got a rash in her diaper area over a year ago and I was afraid of the same misdiagnosis so I did a trial and error on getting her back to health since the zinc cream did nothing. Worwood has a nice chart in her book that discusses which oils are safe at which ages. I always consult that before doing anything because searching for a cure can cause more harm if done with negligence. I looked up which oils were good for skin. I eventually had luck by making oatmeal baths (clark) and then putting a cream on her that contained lavender and tea tree oils in a coconut oil base. In this case, the “random” was not knowing what kind of rash it was. It sprang up out of the blue and simply didn't want to go away. The systemic was using things that are known to work but I had to find the right combination that would work on this specific rash.
Systematic is when you design a system, computer program, etc. You could describe it as the "plan of action" or in medical terms, the "get well" protocol. Random errors are things that turn up that were not taken into account - like the saying "throw a wrench into the cogs". The machine was "working perfectly" until an outside force caused something unexpected to happen.
A great example would be how the military does a risk assessment while crafting the plan to do anything from going to war to making a pot of coffee safely. You write out the directions taking as much into account as you can. You include in this plan as many "what ifs" as you can. In the example of making coffee, what if the carafe shatters (have a spare on hand or use shatter-proof). A systematic error would be one where it can't really be avoided but you take as many steps as you can to reduce the effects of that error. In the coffee example, you could say something like the pot being close to the edge of a counter because there is no other place for it. It would be an error because it's a safety issue. Someone could touch the hot carafe to knock the whole thing to the ground potentially burning someone. A random error (and don't laugh because this actually happened to some computers where I worked) would be water coming through the ceiling onto the outlet causing a short. This random error could be mitigated by making sure the roof doesn't leak (or in my real-life example, making sure transportation isn't washing their trucks INSIDE). One thing I learned is ALWAYS do a risk assessment before writing up any plan or instructions because you want to reduce errors or risk of injury/death/loss of property.
As you point out in your definition above, error can never be eliminated. You can plan for as much as you can but what you measure in the end will be different that what your plan said it would be. Everyone tried to get as close as possible, which is generally best but error cannot be avoided.
Worwood, V. (1991). The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy. New World Library.
Clark, D. (2011). Herbal Healing for Children: A Parent's Guide to Treatments for Common Childhood Illnesses. Healthy Living Publications.
I had a really good day yesterday. My children let me read my text book! In that, I mean my son took a nap and my daughter was so into her Wishenpoof she forgot I existed for a short period of time. Some new episodes came out so she had to learn new words. It's so cute! When Ben pretends to be a duck, she tries to quack, she tries to hop like a frog when they do, all kinds of stuff. Her vocabulary is increasing nicely. Being able to read what I did enabled me to get the discussion post done for homeopathy and I had already gotten the quiz done. This means it's Sunday and I have ONE assignment left. The classes this semester have less scripted assignments. The discussions almost all read the same way and we have more options to choose what to discuss. I like that. Since I never turned in my bitter challenge, I'm thinking of using that one since there is an option about writing about experience using herbal medicine. If I can get my assignments done soon enough, I will have time to work on study materials for finals. I have 2 finals, only 1 is proctored. I also don't have a paper to do for chemistry which is amazing for me! I do need to figure out what to do for the other papers. One is a case study and the other is a literature review, both of which are something I have never done before. I think the case study is vital, though. Once I start helping people, I expect to be writing them to share with others what has worked and what hasn't. My daughter just got up and is happy which means she got some good sleep last night. This is good since her brother woke me many times last night. I'm too tired to deal with a cranky child. at this moment, where I was feeling overwhelmed already a few days ago, I'm feeling pretty good. I'm thinking of starting a few tinctures with the herbs from my lab kit for the labs but I think I should look at what herbs are discussed when first so I can do the labs in those 2 weeks when they are due. I'll get this assignment done first then think on this. The discussion post below I leave you with is just a small taste of professional organizations you can go to for reliable herbal information. Have a great day!
Topic 2: Industry Organizations
What industry organizations do you belong to or interested in joining? What information do they provide to you about legal/scope of practice issues? Do they offer any type of group liability insurance to members? Find as many as possible and discuss your results.
I was a member of the American Herbalists Guild and will sign back up when I can afford it. They have an extensive list of ethics they require their members to abide by. They have various levels of membership with the most expensive being professional. It’s also the hardest one to get taking 2 years and certification to prove you actually “know your stuff”. They sell books of people who are respected in the community and have a list of schools they consider legit, to include this one. In fact, being a member can reduce your tuition and cost of some of the materials in the Apothecary. As a professional member, you have your name and information posted on their site so, like with schools, people can find you to enlist your help. They don’t provide any insurance but they do provide education to members and non-members (though most is only available to members, books sales open to all as well as some webinars).
Herbal Research Foundation provides news and important herbal information to members and non-members.
American Botanical Council provides peer-reviewed research quarterly as well as a whole LOT of education on their site. I was impressed with the long list of things they discuss!
The Herb Society of America looks like another I need to sign up for. It’s educational as well but it’s so big they have regions. It’s been around since the 1930s which improves their credibility.
I know the task was to provide “as many as possible” but the list is LONG which I had no idea. I know when I was trying to get an education, AHG was the most helpful but now that I’m getting that education, I may need more organizations under my belt. I will explore these much more in depth to determine while would be the most benefit to me. I live in Louisiana right now with has GREAT herbal laws but I’d like to move and the laws I will have to abide by will get more stringent so I need to seriously take some time in investigating these organizations.
Author, A. A. (year, month, day of publication). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://www.xxxx
(2018, December, 5). American Herbalists Guild. Retrieved from https://www.americanherbalistsguild.com/
(2018, December, 5). Herbal Research Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.herbs.org/herbnews/
(2018, December, 5). American Botanical Society. Retrieved from www.herbalgram.org
(2018, December, 5). The Herb Society of America. Retrieved from https://herbsocietyorg.presencehost.net/hsa-about/history/hsa-history-overview.html
I got the post done for chemistry yesterday so now I just need to do the essay, discussion post and quiz for homeopathy. This is going to require some serious textbook reading. I need to figure out how to do that. Ugh. I did get the references section updated yesterday to reflect the new text books. My daughter ripped 2 of my books yesterday, one was a textbook... Not happy but I have no way to keep them out of her hands. She is an adept climber. I just need to find the tape and repair them as best as I can. I already checked my tinctures for the day. Feverfew wasn't done but I have a 4 oz. bottle of lavender now. I need more bottles and more alcohol but it all has to wait. Maybe next month I can spend school money on school supplies. One can hope. I think I may actually be able to the way things are looking. My son told me done this morning when he was asking for breakfast. I'm glad he has a new word. Now he needs to learn how to use it... LOL The goal for today is to learn the history of naturopathy so I can do my discussion post then I can do the essay. Maybe I should do the quiz first... That actually sounds better. I may be able to learn enough to do my post from that instead of fighting the kids to read my book. I was able to read the first sentence last night while they watched Lilo and Stitch. I learned that naturopathy means "nature's cure". Sounds legit. Only 30 more pages to go... LOL I still need to get to the store to buy peanut butter. My daughter will not be happy if she runs out. Maybe I can get that done today. We'll see. Today, I leave you with a post on parasites. The world is full of them. I view this as an important topic. Have a great day!
The prompt for this was an article on parasite infestations in America, the most common demographic was the poor.
I'm hoping this post makes sense. It's been a hell of a week. Something happened to my power line so we were without power for 3 days while the repair technicians worked with the power company. I have not read the other posts here yet but I find this timing of this topic quite interesting. Just a few weeks ago, a friend contacted me saying her daughter reported worms in her poop. She wanted to know what to do so I looked through my books and gave her advice. She took her daughter to the doctor the next day to see if she could get something through the medical system and their insurance since she's pretty broke. The end result was a prescription that cost nearly $1,000 and was not covered by their insurance. Needless to say, she bought some natural things (not sure which method she chose to use) and a few days later, there was nothing living found in her daughter's defecations.
As I read the article, I began to wonder a lot of things as it seemed to focus on specific races. While my friend is quite poor, and has owned a cat so the worms could have come from there (she didn't describe them or any symptoms so I have nothing to go on to determine exactly which issue it was), I wonder if the issue is more wide-spread than is being credited. I see supplements being marketed all over for parasite infestations. They are MUCH cheaper than the prescription offered in my example. I have heard stories of misdiagnosis where the issue is parasite infestation but it's diagnoses as something else. This assignment was to discuss what I “you think this means to the American healthcare system and how you think herbal medicine may be helpful”. I'm sorry to say I'm very jaded against our healthcare system. I had chronic illness for years before the healthcare system acknowledged it. I have endured so much testing only to be told, in the end I had what I told the doctor I did 3 years earlier. I think our healthcare system needs to focus less on what drugs to prescribe and more on listening to patients and providing what is best for them. In my friend's case, the doctor wanted her to give her child a medication that was financially prohibitive when the cure could have been growing in her garden had she chosen to grow one. I don't think doctors are 100% useless but I do think they would do better to follow the German model and get an education like this one before practicing. I think they would have happier patients if a “whole body” method was used to determine illness and treatment.
Day 1 of class went well. I have already gotten my introduction posts done, the class lesson for the week and syllabuses downloaded and the week's assignments (discussion board) for Herb 504 done. My other herb class is chemistry so that's going to be fun... I don't know if it has a final exam but if it does, it's not proctored. I'll look for that data here in a bit since I'm going to get that discussion board done today as long as everything falls into place. I remember I sucked at chemistry in high school until it became a math problem so I'll need to keep that perspective. Chemistry is probably one of the more important classes but I did learn some cool things already with watching the videos that were in the class lesson. It's not as intimidating as I thought it was going to be so I just need to keep my focus on this one. My 3rd class IS a proctored exam, like I thought it was going to be. That one is on homeopathy. This means herbs AND oils. I had forgotten there is only 2 ways to distill oils since my focus is on herbs at the moment but I'm hoping with my new strategy, I'll be able to do well on the final. Time, as always, will be my primary factor. I need to get to work. I still have to put diapers away from yesterday and go to the store and get more peanut butter as well as everything else. Today, I leave you with another topic that's important. The prompt for the topic is long but I feel it's important to include it. Have a great day!
Topics: Misuse of Herbs
We need to be aware of the misuse of herbs, as well as the correct use of herbs. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent and frequent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food (e.g., binge-eating), and feeling a lack of control over the eating. This binge-eating is followed by a type of behavior that compensates for the binge, such as purging (e.g., vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics), fasting and/or excessive exercise.
You are working as a health consultant and you have a young woman who comes to your complaining of constipation and asking about herbal cathartics. How would you go about determining that she is a good candidate for herbal laxatives and is not seeking them for abuse? What are some of the consequences of long-term anthraquinone use?
For this discussion, a little background on anthraquinones will be helpful. Anthraquinones are organic compounds found in some plants such as aloe, cascara sagrada, rhubarb, and senna. They are used for dyes, pigments as well as for medicinal purposes. Anthraquinone derivatives play an important role in many types of medications, including cancer drugs. Some of the therapeutic actions include antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antiviral, emetic, and insecticidal properties.
One of the most common medicinal uses of anthraquinones is to bring about constipation relief through their laxative effects. Anthraquinones are thought to increase the amount of fluid in the colon and may also serve to stimulate colon contractions. Typically, the laxative effect of anthraquinones are felt in approximately seven hours after ingesting.
First off, if they have bulimia, I’d advise them to get counseling. When I was growing up, eating disorders were one of the big things they were teaching us about. While Karen Carpenter was anorexic, I still think of her every time I think of any eating disorder because she is the first story I heard about. The only way I’d advise such a client in the use of laxatives is if they had already begun treatment for their overall illness and were having positive results.
Mills and Bone state “long-term use of any laxative drug can lead to electrolyte imbalance, dehydration and muscle cramps, albuminuria, and haematuria (20)”. Further reading in their text reveals excessive use can lead to “lazy bowel” which means a person would have to use more and more to get the same effect because their body would grow dependent on the drug. The good thing is, herbal laxatives are not as strong as prescriptions so it’s harder to abuse them. I often wonder if this happened to my grandmother because she always used laxatives toward the end of her life.
This week, we learned that Senna, which I had never heard of before, is great for this purpose but should not be used for longer than 2 weeks without medical supervision (Mills and Bone 566). One alternative for long-term issues is changing diets, which in the example given, is the whole point.
Mills, S. & Bone, K. (2010). The Essential Guide to Herbal Safety. Elsevier Limited.
Today is the first day of the new semester. We went to bed at 8:30 last night hoping to get a good night's sleep. At midnight, I woke up and put my son back in bed and there was a storm going on. I went back to bed and this storm had thunder like I had never heard. I couldn't go back to sleep for a whole 3 hours! Yep, I'm tired today. Yesterday I went through all my previous classes and created a document of the discussion posts for here so I don't have to go looking for them each day. It should make these posts a bit faster for the next few days. I'm going to get off here and get breakfast taken care of and go into my new classes and see what the work-load looks like fr the week. Today, I will leave you with a post on detoxing. I find the subject very important. Have a great day!
Required Topic: Herbal Detox
Find an herbal detox formula and analyze the ingredients. You can use something you have used or have on hand, explore your local health food store, or find a product on google. For the formula, discuss:
In the process of this assignment, I was surprised to discover not ONE of my 12 herbal/aromatherapy books outside text books for this class mention the topic of detoxification. I looked for colon cleanse and didn't find that either! The herbs used in this recipe are ginger, cinnamon, and cayenne. In addition it uses lemon juice and apple cider vinegar. The recipe explains why these are in this drink but doesn't describe any safety warnings.
Mills and Bone say exceeding 4g of ginger in a day could cause issues with people using blood thinners. Some patients have skin reactions. I was surprised to see a pregnancy warning since so many I know used this herb while pregnant, myself included. The bottom line of pregnancy and lactation appears to be inconclusive as the book says don't use it while lactating and the very next paragraph says it's okay! There is also a potential spice allergy that must be taken in to account.
I was also surprised to see a potential skin reaction to cayenne pepper. A friend was actually prescribed a cayenne skin product by the VA to help with pain and I don't recall him mentioning any potential side effects. He did say it helped. Clark pointed out the obvious that this herb is to hot for use in young children.
Clark says cinnamon in excess of ½ teaspoon or 2g “may cause convulsions, delirium, hallucinations, and even death in adults (34)”. FC&A Publishing also cautions this herb may cause canker sores where it contacts the skin (tongue, mouth, and cheek) (52).
Between the herbs, the apple cider vinegar and the lemon juice, I do think this recipe would make a person feel better. The page says it will help energize the person drinking it. Apple cider vinegar has so many positive effects there is a whole book about it.
This recipe is a “from time to time” recipe rather than having a protocol. There are many forms of detox and this one is not meant to me a “deep” detox but simply to fight the occasional toxicity from things that inadvertently get in our food.
I have not tried this product yet but I might. I'm actually getting ready to try something else but I think this is a product I might use if I'm feeling a bit sluggish.
Clark, D. (2011). Herbal Healing for Children: A Parent's Guide to Treatments for Common Childhood Illnesses. Healthy Living Publications.
Mills, S. & Bone, K. (2010). The Essential Guide to Herbal Safety. Elsevier Limited.
(2008). Nature's Prescriptions: Foods, Vitamins, and Suppliments that Prevent Disease. FC&A Medical Publishing.
This is a simple beverage recipe that takes only minutes to prepare and includes key ingredients for natural detoxification, including lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, ginger, cinnamon and cayenne pepper. It’s both refreshing and energizing, so give it a try today for the little boost we all need from time to time.
Why Drink the Secret Detox Drink?Unfortunately, it’s nearly impossible to avoid the everyday chemicals that threaten your health, especially when they’re hidden in our clothing, furniture, soaps and shampoos. On top of that, we are constantly exposed to environmental pollutants, and dangerous chemicals in our foods like heavy metals, pesticides and preservatives.
In order to avoid toxic overload that will leave you feeling fatigued, moody, bloated and achey, it’s a great idea to use detox drinks to help cleanse and purify your body.
My secret detox drink contains some of the best ingredients for detoxification. Apple cider vinegar has shown to improve your metabolism and digestive function, while working to cleanse your liver and lymphatic system. (1)
Lemon juice has an alkaline effect on your body and helps to regulate your pH levels. Drinking lemon water, or adding it to your drinks and juices, can help to boost your energy levels, detoxify your body and help improve immune function. (2)
Cinnamon, cayenne pepper and ginger contain therapeutic compounds that help to reduce inflammation, aid digestion and boost your metabolism. That’s why drinking ginger tea, for example, is so popular. It contains valuable compounds that boost your health and promote detoxification. (3, 4)
An optional ingredient for your detox drink is raw honey. I like to add raw honey to many of my health drinks and smoothies because it’s a nutrient-dense natural sweetener. It adds a little sweetness to this drink while upping the antioxidant count, too. (5)
Secret Detox Drink Nutrition FactsOne glass of my secret detox drink made using this recipe (with the honey) contains roughly the following: (6, 7, 8, 9, 10)
Last day of spring break! Classes start back up tomorrow. The children are entertaining me today though I do have things to do. I'll get some of them done in a little while. The sun was bright then the clouds rolled in. My daughter was yelling at the sky calling it bad and telling it no. LOL I had to think where she heard the word "bad" because I don't use it then I realized Lilo and Stitch call him bad when he acts up. So, I guess the sky is bad for letting the rain fall. LOL I have already strained my elecampane tincture this morning. I'm getting ready to strain a jar of ginger, I have 2 going. I'm trying to remember to take pictures of the finished product before I bottle it. I need more dropper bottles. I really do NOT have enough but who knows when we'll have the money. Some of these tinctures may have to wait to be strained due to lack of storage. It's okay, though. You can't over-brew a tincture. We have already had breakfast. The children happily ate and have been very good so far today. They slept well last night and that makes me a happy mama! LOL Below is a post from Nat 502 on genotypes. I found the entire discussion very interesting. I am only sharing my original responses though, now responses to my classmates or instructors. I need to get that ginger done. Have a great day!
Can you give an example of genotypes and phenotypes that can be influenced by the genotype AND the environment?
I’m still trying to find sources for my topic but I wanted to get this posted so we can at least discuss my topic. I think all this lack of sleep and cranky kids is having a negative affect here. Marieb and Hoehn (2019) talk about how the genotype is the makeup of the potential traits a person may demonstrate. The phenotype is what the person actually exhibits. My thoughts here were on hair. It is genetic that a person goes bald or grey around the same time as older family members. Some have gone grey as early as their 20s. In my family, we are born blond and as an adult, our hair turns brown and eventually grey. This is also influenced by environmental factors. Stress is the biggest environmental factor that turns hair grey or even makes it fall out. There are other factors that make hair fall out such as hormone imbalances which can be reversed. I know I need more sources and perhaps a nap but I wanted to start the discussion while I worked on that.
Marieb, E. N. & Hoehn, K. (2019). Human Anatomy & Physiology 11th Edition. Hoboken, New Jersey. Pearson Education, Inc.
EDIT: I'm still looking for more studies but a lot of what has come up is unrelated so I'm trying to refine the search without getting 120,332 hits... LOL I did find this one but the full text is not free. The abstract supports my statement above, which is something we all know anyway, I just think a few sources on the subject should be added to this post. This article comments on the environmental factor of lack of nutrition. If you don't eat well, your hair could change color, go grey or even fall out.
Goldberg, L. J. and Lenzy, Y. (2010). Nutrition and Hair. Clinical Dermatology, 28(4) :412-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.03.038.
EDIT Again, Last one: I wanted to provide something of real substance other than just what "everyone" knows. I found a very interesting article. It never occurred to me how rare blond hair is until my search returned this very interesting piece today. It's specifically about the blond gene in the Solomon Islands but it mentions the few areas blond are found elsewhere. Being of European decent, this rarity never really occurred to me. The blond color in the islands, however is actually a genetic mutation that affects 26% of their people. This is a VERY interesting article!
Kenny, E. E., Timpson, N. J., Sikorai, M., Yee, M. C., Estrada, A. M., Eng, C., Huntsman, S., Burchard, G., Stoneking, M., Bustamante, C. D., and Myles, S. M. Melanesians blond hair is caused by an amino acid change in TYRP1. Science. 2012 May 4; 336(6081): 554. doi:10.1126/science.1217849.
What are genomic imprinting and nondisjunction?
Genomic imprinting is the process that about 300 genes go through to decide which of the two genes will be expressed (1132). An example, I have blue eyes, my husband has brown eyes. My daughter has blue/green eyes and my son had bright blue eyes. Looks like I won that battle! LOL
Nondisjunction is where either no copies of a parental chromosome or two are present. This is common in Down Syndrome (1135).
While this information comes from the text book, I didn’t think Down Syndrome was the only example that had to be out there so I decided to go looking in PubMed and found an interesting article where it appears someone has eye trouble due to this issue. I found this article QUITE interesting since I have muscular issues in my own eyes.
I need to get back to the cranky kids before Katey Kaboom and Experiment 626 do something really awful…
Marieb, E. N. & Hoehn, K. (2019). Human Anatomy & Physiology 11th Edition. Hoboken, New Jersey. Pearson Education, Inc.
Souzeau, E., Thompson, J. A., McLaren, T. L., De Roach, J. N., Barnett, C. P., Lamey, T. M., and Craig, J. E. (2018). Maternal uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 6 unmasks a novel variant in T U LP1 in a patient with early onset retinal dystrophy. Molecular Vision 2018(24):478-484
I got the e-mail signed and turned in yesterday so today I get to fill out the paperwork of what we need. Since I'm not a truck driver, I hope I don't forget anything! I also want to get my husband's receipts scanned and turned in so I can get the filed before they get lost. I went through all those papers yesterday and separated out the shipping papers from the documents needed to be taken into account for financial purposes. I have a lot to do today. I'd like to go back outside and check for more blackberries. We still don't have enough picked for jam but I'm putting what I collect in the freezer so they don't go bad before I can use them. I'm looking forward to making some but it may end up having to wait until the break in the fall. I only have 2 more days left of this break and I don't see having enough in that time. I leave you today with my digestive aid lab. I did talk about this briefing in previous posts but since those are gone, you can see the whole thing of what I shared in class. I need to get some breakfast cooking. My daughter took a late nap yesterday and when I woke her up, she didn't want dinner. The only thing I could get in her was a spoon of peanut butter and half a cup of chocolate milk. It's better than nothing but not the best of "meals" so this morning has to be good and hearty. Have a great day!
To start, I have a cold so I’m not going to use this whole recipe. I normally fill out a virtual herbarium entry for labs. I know this is a different class but I want to keep the consistency. Since my smeller and taster aren’t working well right now, I want to have some left to fill out that portion of the herbarium.
I am using ¼ of each herb.
I use a glass tea pot so I put a tad over 1 cup of water in the tea pot since some will boil off. While I waited for the water to heat up, I added 1 teaspoon of the herbal blend to a sachet. I know these things say “press and brew” but I’m lost on that one so I folded down the top and placed the bag in a ceramic steeper. Despite not being able to breathe, I was able to smell all the herbs in the mixture except the ginger. Using a pot holder once the water was hot, I poured it into the cup and waited until it was done. I’m not sure if this tea is actually good or if it just tastes good because I can’t breathe but I actually was feeling a bit better an hour after drinking it so I’m on cup 2 right now… LOL My face was on FIRE but now it’s up to a dull roar. This does make sense because I use lemon, ginger, mint and honey to help with sinus colds.
Since I already filled out my lavender entry, I checked there for safety concerns with this herb and there are none. I couldn’t find any for the others either. For me, the safety procedure I had to follow is keep my kids away from the stove, remind my daughter that it’s HOT and be careful when pouring – use a potholder when lifting the pot.
Other things that are good for digestion are flax seed. I also used ginger for morning sickness. I had a friend who was made ill by it so it really depends on the person but I would recommend it as an option. I wanted to provide a recipe so I let my fingers do some walking. In Seal & Seal (2009), I found this little gem on page 79 though I would never touch this.
Chop horseradish root, put in blender. Add enough cider vinegar to blend. Store in fridge. Use as a condiment or eat a teaspoonful. This is for sinuses and sluggish digestion.
The data on the web page is incorrect, I got a 40-pack of bags not a 3-pack.
Bruton-Seal, J. and Seal, M. (2009). Backyard Medicine: Harvest and Make Your Own Herbal Remedies. Skyhorse Publishing.
I actually got up before the kids today though it didn't last long, maybe 5 minutes. They were both in a good mood which is GREAT! My daughter even shared her water this morning with my son. This was a problem yesterday and caused an hours-long temper tantrum. I was hoping she would just take a nap but she cheered up after dinner and a bath. I let them watch "Stitch" after that. I was tried to get my son to sleep for about an hour but he kept dancing to the music. Even in my lap, he was shaking his butt to the rhythm. I think we have another Elvis fan in the family. LOL While he was napping yesterday we went outside in picked the ripe blackberries. I'd like to collect enough to make a nice jam. I don't think it will be a problem. We have them growing on 3 sides of the house. I do need to get some trellis and teach them to up that instead of the house, though. I thought I saw something on them in one of my text books so I came inside and did some quick research. The leaves make a nice tea for diabetes and a few other things. I think come fall, the one in the front of the house is going to lose all its leaves and if I can find the root, I'm going to dig that up too. The others I will just trim some of the leaves and dehydrate them and store them properly. I like having medicine growing just outside my door. I need more dandelion as well. I found where I can buy seeds, just need money. I need to find raspberry seeds too. I Learned another thing. There are about 400 berry plants that have little nodules like these 2 do. Pretty cool! I failed to get that e-mail printed yesterday so today I have to figure it out. I got it to print but the house printer is out of ink. It refused to see my husband's work printer (he took it out of his truck because he was turning it in) but he showed me how to get it to print the instructions for me. I should get that all done today and get the grant forms filled out tomorrow. I also still need to scan all his receipts that he finally left me and get those sent in. The stack is over 2 inches high. Wow this is long! LOL The next part is even longer. The last discussion post for Herbs 503 is below. I'll probably do Nat 502 next since there are maybe 3 posts. I'll go back to doing herbs once all the pertinent posts from my previous classes are posted. I'm hoping to learn more on the constituents in the next classes to be able to fill out more information on them here. The text book for phytotherapy is HUGE. LOL Anyway, I need to get the kids dressed and such. Have a great day!
Option 3: Research Review: Valerian and PMS
Okay, I need to write this as I read because holy cow… I understand PMS can be different for different people. My sister used to get cramps so bad she had to stay home from school and keep a heating pad on her all day. I do know conflicts with the spouse can result but child abuse and criminal behavior? Do people really go to court and say “sorry your honor, I didn’t mean to steal that chocolate bar or kill the check-out clerk or stab my husband but I was on PMS that day”? Does that defense WORK? Asking for a friend… LOL I do agree that some women do need a “chill pill” during this time of month. This sounds excessive.
I’m quite fascinated that Hippocrates wrote about Valerian. I need to look that up further.
Is it just me or is anyone else “tripping” over the way this report was written? That’s how I describe it when I have to read multiple times because words are in the wrong place or the wrong words were used. I think whoever translated it had English as a second language because it was really hard to read.
I don’t know if I can source her, but a friend is a psychiatrist and she said, yes, there are women who get so bad on their PMS that they can commit crimes. She couldn’t summon the psychological term from memory but it is a real illness. Wow. For those people, valerian and St. John’s Wort are perfect! This study did mention SJW at the end in conjunction with valerian to help with the symptoms. I actually am fascinated with how valerian works. Oh, for those who have never taken it, it can give you gas because of how it works on your digestive system.
I know Danielle wrote about this topic as well and don’t want to state the same things but some data needs to be repeated in a proper analysis of the study so Danielle can skip reading this paragraph. I love the fact this is a double-blind, placebo-based study. 100 women participated and they were grouped by whether they drew a card with an A or a B on it. The study went for 3 months and the women who took the valerian had a significant difference in menstrual pain. Valerian relaxes those muscles so it’s no surprise this was the result.
Petersen (2018) mentions this herb is antispasmodic and a nervine (227). The good thing, in my opinion, is the fact it is non-habit forming so it can be used for chronic things like insomnia and menstrual pain. While using as directed is safe, remember this is a nervine and must be used ONLY as directed.
Hoffman (2003) has an important note on this herb. Sometimes, though rarely, a person can have the opposite reaction to this herb (592). This resonates with me because massages make me more tense.
Hoffman, David. (2003). Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press.
Moghadam, Z, V., Rezaei, E., Gholami, R. S., Kheirkhah, M., and Haghani, H. (2016). The effect of Valerian root extract on the severity of pre menstrual syndrome symptoms. J Tradit Complement Med. 2016 Jul; 6(3): 309–315. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2015.09.001. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4936757/
Petersen, D. (2018). Herb 503: Advanced Herbal Materica Medica II. American College of Healthcare Sciences.
I called my mom this morning to tell her happy birthday and got a surprise myself. I got to see my Aunt (we were on video) who I have not seen in who knows how long! I know she lived in Tampa last I saw her and I was married to my ex but it really has been a long time! They got to see the kids and it was really nice to talk. The kids didn't even make a lot of noise like they often do when I'm on the phone! I'm getting a lot of things done in this time "off". I use my junk mail (the stuff not coated in wax) and the twigs that fall from the trees in our many storms to make paper bricks for use in the fire place. We don't use it often but they are far better than using paper and twigs separately. I have put 3 in there at once and put a wet log on top and the log has caught before the bricks were gone. They take time to cure and I go through far more than I would like to say. I had 2 big boxes of them and they were both empty at the end of a 3-day period but now I know to be smarter so maybe next time I can be smarter about it. We'll see. Since they take a lot of time to make, I only have the ones I made yesterday put together. I need to wait until I have time in between classes to get them done. My closet is overflowing with paper products and I have a bucket full of small twigs, I just need time. I'll have more of that next year when I finish school. My cat had peed on the kids' couches (I had not cleaned the litter box when it needed to be done so I'm not mad at her) and I put them on the porch to be cleaned by the rain. I went out yesterday afternoon and the neighbor's dog had destroyed my daughter's couch. Fortunately he did it in THEIR yard so I didn't have to clean up the mess on top of it. I guess she will get a new one when we can afford it. I'll see if I can find her a Stitch couch.
The discussion post I'm sharing today is a bit close to the heart. Again, the prompt was to update a monograph. When I was in tech school (where the military sends you to learn your trade) and I did some volunteer work with MS patients where they rode horses to learn how to walk again. Of all the volunteer things I have done in my life, this is the one I'm most proud of. It was also proof to me that you don't necessarily need drugs to heal your body. It was a wonderful time in my life. Have a great day!
I know the assignment is to discuss/update an issue discussed in the monograph with newer studies but in my search I ran across something very interesting I thought deserved to be discussed (I haven’t read any posts to know if this study has been talked about so apologies if it has). The AHP article focuses pretty heavily on the traditional use of St. John’s Wort on depression. There are a lot of studies out there that support that use. While reading through them, I discovered a study that uses this herb to treat MS. What popped out at me and the reason I chose this article is the same constituent that treats MS, treats depression. I’ll admit I don’t know much about MS, how it starts, etc but the idea that a “depression” medication could enable MS victims to walk again? This is REMARKABLE to me. In my early 20’s I volunteered with a program that helped MS patients learn to walk again by having them ride horses. The horse walks the same way we do so it teaches their legs to remember that walking movement. Very cool stuff. I think I’ll put this paper aside and potentially use it as a topic in a future research paper but for the purposes of this assignment, I think I would add something like this below under the constituent section.
Hypericin’s ability to inhibit MAO enzymes and regulate dopamine helps another constituent, hyperforin, inhibit dopamine, serotonin, noradrenaline, GABA, and L-glutamate from being utilized which appears to help MS patients in preliminary research. (Mojaverrostami, 2018)
I say preliminary research because I have not dug any deeper into this topic. They go on to say the antidepressant, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects of St. John’s Wort seem to make it a good thing to use.
Mojaverrostami, S., Bojnordi, M. N., Ghasemi-Kasman, M., Ebrahimzadeh, M. A., Hamidabadi, H. G. A Review of Herbal Therapy in Multiple Sclerosis. Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 8(4), 575-590. doi: 10.15171/apb.2018.066
My son woke up WAY too early this morning. He tried to go back to sleep but it failed. Watching a video now on self-improvement though most would think it's a video on insanity. That's okay. Not everyone is ready for this stuff yet. I forgot to brag that my daughter who hasn't slept in her own bed in months (Not even for naps) took a nap in her own bed the day before yesterday. I didn't have the money but the bedding sets I wanted for the kids were on clearance so I spent the money anyway so she has new Minnie Mouse sheets and fleece blanket. I still need to get her the comforter but my son has all the pieces for Cars. We just need the money to build my husband an office in the back yard so he can have a bedroom and a bed. I still have him in the crib but I'd like to have him out of it by his second birthday. The only problem with her napping in there is my son can get to her and wake her up which eventually happened. Like her, he takes advantage of me getting busy then runs to where I don't want him to be. I got all my virtual herbarium entries prepped for class starting. This will make it faster to get them done during class. Class starts back up in 5 days so now I can focus on non-class related chores around here. I have to wash diapers today. Fun. LOL In the discussions I share, I decided not to share the lab discussions because that data ends up in my virtual herbariums. Since those are already posted, the data is redundant. I'll just share the posts that add to the topic of learning about herbs. I learned a lot on this post below about mistletoe. Have a great day!
Option 2: Mistletoe & Low Therapeutic Margins
Review the monograph in your ACHS eTextbook on Mistletoe Viscum album. Mistletoe has a low therapeutic margin. Discuss what that means for herbalists, consumers, and what precautions one should take when considering whether to use this, or any, botanicals that have a low therapeutic margin. Can these herbs have a place in modern botanical medicine?
I save the monographs for each herb from each class in a folder for that specific herb so I have the class monograph from last semester in a folder. The one in the book looks almost identical. I have to confess when I saw “sedative” and “cardiac-depressant”, I thought of how the Hatians (I think I have the right country) use the poison from the puffer fish to create “zombies” to have human slaves. The product could be the same if used improperly. The effect is the person’s heart is slowed to the point the heart beat doesn’t get detected via a stethoscope and the person is pronounced dead. Several hours later, the person wakes up in a grave but the person who poisoned them in there to dig them up and they are told they are dead. Fun stuff…
I did a quick search to see if it was exactly the same and it’s not QUITE the same. How Stuff Works (and many other sites but I’ll use this one for this purpose) states there are 4 ingredients in the powder that creates Hatian zombies, puffer fish is a neurotoxin, not the heart.
Mistletoe can reduce blood pressure, slow the heart rate, stimulate the immune system and inhibit tumors however it can be very dangerous to use because of the low margin. Generally the amount given should be computed based on body weight of the person being treated. If the margin is extremely low, a small miscalculation could mean life or death. Petersen (2018) says on page 182, a tincture of ½ ml 3 times a day is generally what is used. The Natural Medicine monograph says 20 berries and 5 leaves are also considered safe for American Mistletoe, 3 berries and 2 leaves are considered safe for European Mistletoe. Given the potency of this herb, I would be nervous prescribing this much and would have to discuss with the client the dangers of the herb and if they would prefer to give a safer one a try first. As someone with kids, my first thought with these low-margin herbs is what happens if a child gets a hold of it… This is definitely an herb that needs to be labeled KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN but, if you have a 2-year-old, that distance is very hard to calculate and even child-proofing is not guaranteed. I think I would have to include this type of information in counseling the client and provide other herbs as an option and see which they would rather try. They live in their bodies and their homes so they would know the risks of someone getting it more than I. I do think there is a place for low-margin herbs, they tend to be quite potent, but the clients MUST be fully informed of all the dangers if the herb is not respected. I can’t tell you the number of people who say “It comes from nature so it’s safe to use as I see fit”. If a person has this attitude, I would not even tell them about the low margin herbs.
Petersen, D. (2018). Herb 503: Advanced Herbal Materica Medica II. American College of Healthcare Sciences.
How Stuff Works. Retrieved from https://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/strange-creatures/zombie1.htm
Natural Medicine Database. American Mistletoe. Retrieved from https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=297
Natural Medicine Database. European Mistletoe. Retrieved from https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/databases/food,-herbs-supplements/professional.aspx?productid=917
I am currently a student at American College of Healthcare Sciences earning my Masters of Science degree in Herbal Medicine. This blog is my journey of juggling mom-life with student life. My husband is a truck driver so I'm essentially a single mom all but 3 days a month. It's a challenge but we will get through this. I complete this degree on 18 December 2019 and will take one additional semester and then be done for a while. My children need more attention from their mommy but I can't wait on getting this education done. I will do what I must for now.